Verb yang Diikuti oleh Infinitive

Beberapa kata kerja (verb) yang berbeda diikuti atau dapat diikuti oleh kata kerja kedua dalam bentuk infinitive. Semua kata kerja yang tertera dalam halaman ini diikuti oleh to-infinitive saat infinitive digunakan. Kata kerja yang ditandai dengan bintang juga dapat diikuti oleh that-clause, seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam contoh berikut. Kata kerja yang ditandai dengan dua bintang hanya dapat diikuti oleh that-clause saat subjek dari kata kerja utama adalah "it".

Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh infinitive

afford agree* aim appear** arrange* bother care
claim* condescend consent decide* demand* determine* endeavour
fail guarantee* happen* hasten have (= be obliged) hesitate hope*
learn long manage offer prepare pretend* proceed
promise* propose prove (= turn out) refuse resolve* seek seem**
strive swear* tend threaten* trouble undertake volunteer
  • I hope to see you next week.
  • I hope that I'll see you next week.
  • He claimed to be an expert.
  • He claimed that she was an expert.
  • I managed to reach the top of the hill.
  • Would you care to swim?
  • It appeared that no-one had locked the door.
  • He appeared to be lost.
  • It seems that she is running late.
  • She seems to be running late.

Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh kata benda + infinitive

accustom aid appoint assist cause challenge command*
defy direct* drive empower enable encourage entice
entitle entreat force get implore* incite induce
inspire instruct* invite lead leave (= make someone responsible) oblige order*
persuade* press prompt provoke remind* require* stimulate
summon teach tell tempt trust* warn*  
  • The professor challenged his students to argue with his theory.
  • This law empowers the government to charge higher taxes.
  • You can't force me to do something I don't agree with.
  • I invited the new student to have dinner with me.
  • What inspired you to write this poem?
Kata kerja tanpa kata benda sebelum that-clause

Saat kata-kata kerja tertentu diikuti oleh that-clause, tidak ada kata benda sebelum that-clause meskipun ada kata benda sebelum infinitive. Hal ini terjadi saat kita menggunakan kata kerja command, direct, entreat, implore, order, require, dan trust.

  • I trust you to tell the truth.
  • I trust that you are telling the truth.
  • The general commanded his men to surrender.
  • The general commanded that his men surrender.
Kata kerja dengan kata benda sebelum that-clause

Kata-kata kerja lain, saat diikuti oleh that-clause membutuhkan kata benda sebelum that-clause, sama seperti sebelum infinitive. Hal ini terjadi saat kita menggunakan kata kerja persuade dan remind.

  • You can't persuade people to buy small cars.
  • You can't persuade people that small cars are better.
  • He reminded me to take my notebook to school.
  • He reminded me that I would need my notebook.
Kata kerja dengan kata benda opsional sebelum that-clause

Kelompok kata kerja terakhir ini, saat diikuti oleh that-clause, dapat menggunakan kata benda opsional sebelum that-clause. Hal ini terjadi saat kita menggunakan kata kerja instruct, teach, dan warn.

  • She taught her students to appreciate poetry.
  • She taught her students that poetry was valuable.
  • She taught that poetry was valuable.

Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh infinitive atau kata benda + infinitive

ask* beg* choose dare desire* elect expect*
help mean* (=intend) request* want wish*    
  • I asked him to show me the book.
  • I asked to see the book.
  • She helped me to put away the dishes.
  • She helped to put away the dishes.
  • We expect you to do your best in the exam.
  • We expect to do well on our exams.
  • Do you want to go to the beach?
  • Do you want me to go with you to the beach?
Menggunakan 'to dare'

Dalam kalimat negatif dan pertanyaan, infinitive dengan atau tanpa to dapat digunakan selama subjek dari kedua kata kerja sama (meskipun biasanya kita menghilangkan to). Jika subjek dari kedua kata kerja berbeda, Anda harus menggunakan to.

  • I never dared tell him what happened.
  • Do you dare tell him?
  • Would you dare (to) jump out of a plane?
  • I dare you to tell him the truth.
  • She dared me to jump off the wall.