Type 2 Conditional

Bentuk

Dalam kalimat type 2 conditional, tense dalam klausa if adalah simple past dan tense dalam klausa utama adalah present conditional atau present continuous conditional.

Klausa if (kondisi) Klausa utama (hasil/akibat)
If + simple past present conditional atau present continuous conditional
If this thing happened that thing would happen.

Sama seperti dalam semua kalimat conditional, urutan klausa tidaklah tetap. Anda mungkin harus menyesuaikan kata ganti (pronoun) dan tanda baca saat mengubah urutan klausa, tetapi artinya sama.

Contoh
  • If it rained, you would get wet.
  • You would get wet if it rained.
  • If you went to bed earlier you wouldn't be so tired.
  • You wouldn't be so tired if you went to bed earlier.
  • If she fell, she would hurt herself.
  • She would hurt herself if she fell.

Fungsi

Type 2 conditional merujuk ke kondisi yang tidak mungkin terjadi atau pengandaian dan kemungkinan hasilnya. Kalimat-kalimat ini tidak berdasarkan situasi nyata. Dalam kalimat type 2 conditional, waktunya adalah sekarang atau kapan pun dan situasinya tidak nyata atau pengandaian.

Contoh
  • If the weather wasn't so bad, we would go to the park. (Tetapi, cuacanya buruk sehingga kita tidak bisa pergi.)
  • If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a chicken. (Tetapi, saya bukan sang Ratu.)
  • If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring.
  • If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.

Penggunaan "if I were" dan bukan "if I was" (subjunctive mood) adalah benar dan sangat umum digunakan.

Contoh
  • If I were taller, I would buy this dress.
  • If I were 20, I would travel the world.
  • If I were you, I would give up smoking.
  • If I were a plant, I would love the rain.

Dalam kalimat type 2 conditional, Anda juga dapat menggunakan modal dalam klausa utama dan bukan would untuk menyatakan tingkat kepastian, izin, atau rekomendasi mengenai hasil atau akibat akhir.

Contoh
  • We might buy a larger house if we had more money
  • He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket.
  • If he called me, I couldn't hear.

Present conditional tense

Present conditional dari kata kerja apa pun terdiri dari dua unsur:
would + infinitive dari kata kerja utama tanpa to

Subjek + would + infinitive
He would go
They would stay
To Go: present conditional
Positif Negatif Pertanyaan Pertanyaan Negatif
I would go I wouldn't go Would I go? Wouldn't I go?
You would go You wouldn't go Would you go? Wouldn't you go?
He would go He wouldn't go Would he go? Wouldn't he go?
She would go She wouldn't go Would she go? Wouldn't she go?
We would go We wouldn't go Would we go? Wouldn't we go?
They would go They wouldn't go Would they go? Wouldn't they go?