Present Continuous Tense

Membentuk present continuous

Present continuous dari kata kerja apa pun terdiri dari dua bagian: present tense dari kata kerja to be + present participle dari kata kerja utama.

(Bentuk present participle adalah: kata dasar + ing, seperti talking, playing, moving, smiling)

Positif
Subjek + to be + kata dasar + ing
She is talking.
Negatif
Subjek + to be + not + kata dasar + ing
She is not (isn't) talking
Pertanyaan
to be + subjek + kata dasar + ing
Is she talking?

Contoh: TO GO, present continuous

Positif Negatif Pertanyaan
I am going. I am not going. Am I going?
You are going. You aren't going. Are you going?
He, she, it is going. He, she, it isn't going. Is he, she, it going?
We are going. We aren't going. Are we going?
You are going. You aren't going. Are you going?
They are going. They aren't going. Are they going?

Catatan: singkatan (contraction) negatif alternatif: I'm not going, you're not going, he's not going, dsb.

Fungsi dari present continuous

Sama seperti semua tense dalam bahasa Inggris, sikap penutur sama pentingnya dengan waktu kejadian atau tindakan. Saat seseorang menggunakan present continuous, mereka sedang memikirkan sesuatu yang belum selesai atau belum berakhir.

Present continuous digunakan:
  • untuk mendeskripsikan tindakan yang sedang terjadi saat ini: You are using the Internet. You are studying English grammar.
  • untuk mendeskripsikan tindakan yang sedang terjadi dalam suatu periode waktu atau tren: Are you still working for the same company? More and more people are becoming vegetarian.
  • untuk mendeskripsikan tindakan atau kejadian di masa depan yang sudah direncanakan atau disiapkan: We're going on holiday tomorrow. I'm meeting my boyfriend tonight. Are they visiting you next winter?
  • untuk mendeskripsikan kejadian atau situasi sementara: He usually plays the drums, but he's playing bass guitar tonight. The weather forecast was good, but it's raining at the moment.
  • jika digunakan dengan always, forever, constantly, untuk mendeskripsikan dan memberi penekanan pada serangkaian tindakan berulang yang masih berlanjut: Harry and Sally are always arguing! You're constantly complaining about your mother-in-law!
HATI-HATI! Beberapa kata kerja biasanya tidak digunakan dalam bentuk continuous.

Kata kerja yang biasanya tidak digunakan dalam bentuk continuous

Kata-kata kerja dalam daftar di bawah ini biasanya digunakan dalam bentuk simple present karena merujuk ke keadaan, bukan tindakan atau proses.

Indera
  • to feel*
  • to hear
  • to see*
  • to smell
  • to taste
Pendapat
  • to assume
  • to believe
  • to consider
  • to doubt
  • to feel (= to think)
  • to find (= to consider)
  • to suppose
  • to think*
Keadaan mental
  • to forget
  • to imagine
  • to know
  • to mean
  • to notice
  • to recognise
  • to remember
  • to understand
Emosi/keinginan
  • to envy
  • to fear
  • to dislike
  • to hate
  • to hope
  • to like
  • to love
  • to mind
  • to prefer
  • to regret
  • to want
  • to wish
Pengukuran
  • to contain
  • to cost
  • to hold
  • to measure
  • to weigh
Lainnya
  • to look (= resemble)
  • to seem
  • to be (dalam banyak kasus)
  • to have (saat berarti "memiliki")*
Pengecualian

Kata kerja yang berkaitan dengan indera (see, hear, feel, taste, smell) sering digunakan bersama can: I can see... Kata-kata kerja ini dapat digunakan dalam bentuk continuous, tetapi dengan arti yang berbeda.

  • This coat feels nice and warm. (persepsi Anda mengenai sifat jubah)
  • John's feeling much better now (kesehatannya membaik)
  • She has three dogs and a cat. (kepemilikan)
  • She's having supper. (dia sedang makan)
  • I can see Anthony in the garden (persepsi/indera)
  • I'm seeing Anthony later (kami berencana untuk bertemu)