Past Continuous Tense

Fungsi dari past continuous

Past continuous mendeskripsikan tindakan atau kejadian pada waktu sebelum sekarang, yang berawal di masa lalu dan masih berlanjut pada saat penuturan. Dengan kata lain, tense ini menyatakan kejadian yang belum selesai atau lengkap di masa lalu.

Past continuous digunakan:

  • sering kali, untuk mendeskripsikan latar belakang suatu kisah yang ditulis dalam past tense, seperti "The sun was shining and the birds were singing as the elephant came out of the jungle. The other animals were relaxing in the shade of the trees, but the elephant moved very quickly. She was looking for her baby, and she didn't notice the hunter who was watching her through his binoculars. When the shot rang out, she was running towards the river..."
  • untuk mendeskripsikan tindakan atau kejadian yang belum selesai yang terhenti atau terganggu oleh tindakan atau kejadian lain, seperti "I was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang."
  • untuk menyatakan perubahan pikiran, seperti "I was going to spend the day at the beach but I've decided to get my homework done instead."
  • jika digunakan dengan wonder untuk menyatakan permintaan yang sangat sopan, seperti "I was wondering if you could baby-sit for me tonight."
Contoh
  • They were waiting for the bus when the accident happened.
  • Caroline was skiing when she broke her leg.
  • When we arrived he was having a bath.
  • When the fire started I was watching television.

Catatan: Untuk kata kerja yang biasanya tidak digunakan dalam bentuk continuous, gunakan simple past.

Membentuk past continuous

Past continuous dari kata kerja apa pun tersusun dari dua bagian: past tense dari kata kerja to be (was/were) dan kata dasar dari kata kerja utama + ing.

Subjek was/were kata dasar + ing
They were watching
Positif
She was reading
Negatif
She wasn't reading
Pertanyaan
Was she reading?
Pertanyaan negatif
Wasn't she reading?
To play, past continuous
Positif Negatif Pertanyaan
I was playing I was not playing Was I playing?
You were playing You were not playing Were you playing?
He was playing He wasn't playing Was he playing?
We were playing We weren't playing Were we playing?
They were playing They weren't playing Were they playing?