Bentuk Pertanyaan dan Reported Speech

Urutan kata

Urutan kata yang normal digunakan dalam pertanyaan yang dilaporkan (reported question), yaitu subjek diletakkan sebelum kata kerja dan tidak harus menggunakan do atau did:

Contoh
Kalimat Langsung (Direct Speech) Kalimat Tidak Langsung (Indirect Speech)
"Where does Peter live?" She asked him where Peter lived.
"Where are you going?" She asked where I was going.
"Why is she crying?" He asked why she was crying.
Yes/No Question

Jenis pertanyaan ini dilaporkan menggunakan formula ask + if/whether + klausa:

Contoh
Kalimat Langsung (Direct Speech) Kalimat Tidak Langsung (Indirect Speech)
"Do you speak English?" He asked me if I spoke English.
"Are you British or American?" He asked me whether I was British or American.
"Is it raining?" She asked if it was raining.
"Have you got a computer?" He wanted to know whether I had a computer.
"Can you type?" She asked if I could type.
"Did you come by train?" He enquired whether I had come by train.
"Have you been to Bristol before?" She asked if I had been to Bristol before.
Question Word

Jenis pertanyaan ini dilaporkan menggunakan formula ask (atau kata kerja lain yang mirip dengan ask) + question word + klausa. Question word atau kata pertanyaan meliputi what, where, when, who, why, dan how. Klausa merupakan pertanyaan dengan urutan kata normal dan perubahan tense yang diperlukan.

Contoh
Kalimat Langsung (Direct Speech) Kalimat Tidak Langsung (Indirect Speech)
"What is your name?" he asked me. He asked me what my name was.
"How old is your mother?", he asked. He asked how old her mother was.
The policeman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" The policeman asked the boy where he lived.
"What time does the train arrive?" she asked. She asked what time the train arrived.
"When can we have dinner?" she asked. She asked when they could have dinner.
Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Peter asked John why he was so late.