Masa Depan yang Akan Segera Terjadi

Bentuk

Saat membicarakan tentang masa depan yang akan segera terjadi, kita dapat menggunakan pola yang terdiri dari tiga unsur:
kata kerja to be yang diubah menjadi present tense + about + infinitive dari kata kerja utama

Subjek + to be + about (atau just about) + infinitive
I am about to be sick
They are about to arrive.
It is just about to explode.
To leave, di masa depan yang akan segera terjadi
Positif Negatif Pertanyaan Pertanyaan Negatif
I am about to leave. I am not about to leave. Am I about to leave? Am I not about to leave?
You are about to leave. You are not about to leave. Are you about to leave? Aren't you about to leave?
He is about to leave. He is not about to leave. Is he about to leave? Isn't he about to leave?
We are about to leave. We aren't about to leave. Are we about to leave? Aren't we about to leave?
They are about to leave. They aren't about to leave. Are they about to leave? Aren't they about to leave?

Fungsi

Pola ini digunakan untuk merujuk ke suatu waktu segera setelah diucapkan dan menekankan bahwa kejadian atau tindakan akan segera terjadi. Kita sering kali menambahkan kata just sebelum kata about, yang menekankan kesegeraan dari tindakan atau kejadian.

Contoh
  • She is about to cry.
  • You are about to see something very unusual.
  • I am about to go to a meeting.
  • We are just about to go inside.
  • Sally is just about to jump off that diving board.

Pola ini juga dapat digunakan dengan simple past tense dari to be untuk menggantikan present tense untuk merujuk ke tindakan atau kejadian yang segera terjadi, tetapi terhenti atau terganggu. Pola ini sering diikuti oleh klausa yang diawali dengan when.

Contoh
  • She was about to leave when Jim arrived.
  • When it started to rain, I was about to go out for a walk.
  • I was just about to call her when she walked in.
  • The car was just about to flip over when he regained control.