Bawang Merah dan Bawang Putih merupakan salah satu cerita rakyat Indonesia yang paling terkenal. Folklore atau dongeng yang satu ini bahkan sering diadaptasi ke bentuk film dan buku cerita. Nah, pada kesempatan kali ini, kamu dapat menikmati EFolklore Bawang Merah dan Bawang Putih melalui animasi bahasa Inggris yang menarik!
A long time ago, in a nice quite village, there lived a wealthy merchant, he lived together with his daughter who was named Bawang Putih. This merchant's wife had long since passed away. The merchant was very fond of his daughter. Because she was obedient and kind-hearted.
One day, as he came home from travelling, he brought a woman and her daughter along with him. He wanted to marry this woman. So, Bawang Putih now had a stepmother and a stepsister who is named Bawang Merah.
When her father went to trade, her stepmother and Bawang Merah would treat Bawang Putih like a servant. Bawang Putih did all the work that was ordered by her stepmother. She cleaned the house, cooked, washed clothes, and looked for firewood. If Bawang Putih's work went wrong, her stepmother would punish her by not feeding her.
Every morning, her stepmother and Bawang Merah took turns shouting,
"Hey Bawang Putih, wash my clothes!"
Not yet finished washing clothes, Bawang Putih would then be called by her stepmother.
"Bawang Putih, prepare breakfast now! We are hungry."
"Ok... Okay, mom."
Because Bawang Putih worked so hard and was punished so harshly, her body became thinner. One day, Bawang Putih's father returned home and fell ill. He was very ill and Bawang Putih was very sad because of it. She never left her father alone. However, God decided differently. Bawang Putih's father died.
"Father... Don't leave Bawang Putih... Father ..."
While Bawang Putih wept and cried, her stepmother and Bawang Merah were excited. Because the property and house of Bawang Putih's father now belonged to them.
"Look Bawang Merah, he finally died." "Yes, Mom we will be rich."
Bawang Putih's life was miserable after her father died. She no longer had her father to love and comfort her. Her stepmother and Bawang Merah further tortured her. Bawang Putih tried to be patient but sometimes she would cry at night.
"Lord, please help me. Why are they always evil to me?"
One day, Bawang Putih went to the river to wash clothes. She was sleepy and hungry, her body was weak. While washing, Bawang Putih didn't realise that her stepmother's favourite shawl had washed away. When she put all the clothes into the basket, she was surprised to find her stepmother's scarf was not there.
"Mother's favourite scarf is gone... Oh no! It's drifting down the river... What should I do? I daren't go home. Mother will scold me."
Finally, Bawang Putih decided to go back down the river to look for her stepmother's scarf. In the middle of the road, she met a farmer who was washing his cow.
"Uncle, did you see a red scarf floating down the river?"
The farmer nodded and replied,
"Red shawl? Hmm oh yes I saw it. The scarf was taken by an old grandmother who was washing her by the river. The old grandmother's house is on the mountain."
Bawang Putih immediately headed up the mountain. There, she found a wooden house. Bawang Putih knocked on the door of the house,
"Excuse me, Grandma, did you find my mother's red scarf?"
The old grandmother came out of the house and greeted Bawang Putih.
"Hi dear, let's go in. What's your name?"
"My name is Bawang Putih, Grandma."
The old grandmother will give a red scarf with one condition, Bawang Putih must help her first. Bawang Putih agreed. All day, she helped the grandmother cook, look for firewood, clean the house and wash clothes. For Bawang Putih, all this work was easy, because she was used to doing it.
Finally, it was time for Bawang Putih to leave for home. The grandma gave her the shawl.
"Bawang Putih, this is the red scarf you are looking for. Oh, I want to give you a gift. A pumpkin for you, because you helped me. Choose which one you like."
On the table, there were both small and large pumpkins. Bawang Putih chose a small pumpkin, because she also had to carry a basket full of clothes home.
"Hm, I choose the small one, Grandma."
"Okay, take this little pumpkin. But remember, you can't open the pumpkin until you get home. Understand?"
"Well Grandma, I will do everything you said."
Arriving at home, Bawang Putih was scolded by her stepmother and Bawang Merah.
"Where have you been Bawang Putih? How dare you go out without my permission?"
"Forgive me, mother! I… I was... "
"Stop, enough Bawang Putih! We don't need your excuses!"
They continued to beat her. Then they saw the pumpkin brought by Bawang Putih.
"Cut the pumpkin and cook it! We are starving because of you!"
Bawang Putih took the knife and split the pumpkin. What a surprise, the pumpkin was full of sparkling and expensive jewellery.
"Hah, where did you get the pumpkin?"
Bawang Putih then told them everything.
"Oh.. Bawang Putih, you should have chosen a large pumpkin! It would have had more jewellery!"
Hearing the words of Bawang Merah, the stepmother finally got the idea.
"Looks like I have an idea. Ha Ha Ha."
The next day, the stepmother and Bawang Merah went to the river. They deliberately washed away the red scarf. Then secretly, they followed the veil as it was washed away. Sure enough, the red scarf was picked up by the old grandmother.
The stepmother and Bawang Merah followed the old grandmother who went up the mountain. As they walk, Bawang Merah complained about how far it was.
"Ahh, I'm tired. Let's just go home."
"Bawang Merah, be patient! Soon we will get even more jewellery than Bawang Putih."
"But I'm tired, mom."
"I said be patient!”
Arriving at the old grandmother house, the stepmother and Bawang Merah knocked on the door. The old grandmother welcomed them warmly. Then, the stepmother and Bawang Merah pretended to be sad and asked about the red scarf.
"Dear grandmother, did you find my mother's red scarf?"
"Oh yes, it just so happens that Grandma found it on the river." Just like Bawang Putih, the new grandmother will give them the shawl, if they helped her. The only way to get the pumpkin was to work to help the old grandma, but they still couldn't stop complaining.
"I’m so tired, if it weren't for the pumpkins, I wouldn't do this."
"Yes, I'm also tired. Hopefully, there will be even more jewellery inside this pumpkin.Ha Ha Ha"
Finally, Bawang Merah and the stepmother finished their work at the old grandmother's house and said goodbye. The old grandmother gave the shawl to Bawang Merah and her mother. On the table, there are two pumpkins, one large and one small.
"Choose one pumpkin, as a gift from me."
And of course, the stepmother and Bawang Merah chose the largest pumpkin.
"Of course, I choose the big one grandma."
"Yeah, choose the big one.” “Remember, don't open the pumpkin, before you get home."
"Yes Grandma, that's for sure. We will go home first Grandma."
Bawang Merah and her mother, do not obey the advice of the grandmother. On the way, the stepmother splits the big pumpkin. They were impatient to get their hands on jewellery inside.
"Mom, let's just open this pumpkin now, the old grandmother will not know."
"Yeah, let's open this. I'm also curious."
However, they were in for quite a surprise. Because inside the pumpkin were venomous animals, such as snakes, scorpions, spiders and centipedes. They were both bitten by a snake.
"Oh, what is this?” “Where is the jewellery? Why did it have these animals inside? Ihhh"
"Aw! Aw! It hurts!” “Aw! Aw! Ouch!” “Mom…Ouch…Aw…What should we do Mom?” “I also got bitten”
Because they are still in the middle of the forest, no one came to help them. The stepmother and Bawang Merah died from the snakebite. Their greed brought them to disaster.
Meanwhile, Bawang Putih lives happily ever after. The jewellery given by the old grandmother making her rich. She continued her father's business and enjoyed the fruits of her obedience and kindness.
Setelah menonton videonya dan mendengarkan podcast Bawang Merah Bawang Putih, ada beberapa tenses yang dapat kamu pelajari di animasi tersebut loh! Setidaknya terdapat empat tenses di dalam cerita ini; yaitu Simple Present Tense, Present Continuous Tense, Simple Past Tense, dan Simple Future Tense.
Yuk, kita bahas keempat tenses tersebut!
Simple Present Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terus-menerus dilakukan (kebiasaan) dan fakta. Nah, untuk membuat kalimat Simple Present Tense, formula yang digunakan adalah:
(+) Subject + Verb 1 + -s/es
(-) Subject + don’t/doesn’t + Verb1
(?) Do/Does/To Be + Subject + Verb 1
Beberapa contoh Simple Present Tense yang ada di dongeng Bawang Merah dan Bawang Putih adalah:
The old grandmother’s house is on the mountain.
I want to give you a gift.
Of course, I choose the big one grandma.
Why are they always evil to me?
Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung saat ini. Untuk membuat kalimat Present Continuous Tense, formula yang digunakan adalah
(+) Subject + to be (is, am, are) + Verb + -ing
(-) Subject + to be (is, am, are) + not + Verb + -ing
(?) To be (is, am, are) + Subject + Verb + -ing
Beberapa contoh Present Continuous Tense yang ada di dalam percakapan dongeng diatas:
It is drifting down the river
We are starving because of you!
Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang telah terjadi di masa lampau. Untuk membuat kalimat Simple Past Tense, formula yang digunakan adalah
(+) Subject + Verb 2
(-) Subject + didn’t + Verb 1
(?) Did/ To be + Subject + Verb 1
Beberapa contoh Simple Past Tense yang ada di dalam percakapan dongeng diatas:
He wanted to marry this woman.
Bawang Putih did all the work that was ordered by her stepmother.
Bawang Putih’s life was miserable after her father died.
Bawang Putih went to the river to wash clothes.
Uncle, did you see a red scarf floating down the river?
Grandma, did you find my mother’s red scarf?
One day, Bawang Putih’s father returned home and fell ill.
They were impatient to get their hands on the jewellery inside.
The stepmother and Bawang Merah chose the largest pumpkin.
Simple Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan berlangsung di masa yang akan datang. Untuk membuat kalimat Simple Future Tense, formula yang digunakan adalah
(+) Subject + will + Verb 1
(-) Subject + will + not + Verb 1
(?) Will + Subject + Verb 1
Beberapa contoh Simple Future Tense yang ada di dalam percakapan dongeng diatas:
Mother will scold me.
Yes, Mom we will be rich.
There will be even more jewellery inside this pumpkin.
That old grandmother will not know.
Soon we will get even more jewellery than Bawang Putih.
Nah, apakah EFriends sudah memahami keempat tenses di atas? Selain mengetahui cerita daerah Indonesia, EFriends juga dapat meningkatkan kemampuan bahasa Inggris melalui EFolklore – Folklore Indonesia. Penasaran EFolklore dari daerah lain? Jangan lupa subscribe EF YouTube channel agar EFriends selalu mendapat update terbaru dari video-video EF lainnya!