Passive Voice

2019.07.01
Passive Voice

Selain kalimat positif, negatif, dan tanya, ada juga kalimat aktif (active voice) dan kalimat pasif (passive voice). Apa perbedaan active voice dan passive voice? Active voice adalah kalimat yang subject (subyek) nya melakukan kegiatan atau tindakan. Sedangkan passive voice adalah kebalikannya. Kalimat pasif adalah kalimat yang subjectnya dikenai kegiatan atau tindakan.

Kalimat pasif digunakan ketika pelaku atau subject yang melakukan tindakan tidak diketahui atau pelakunya tidak penting untuk disebutkan. Selain itu, penggunaan kalimat pasif bisa juga untuk memberikan penekanan kepada object (objek)

Di bahasa Indonesia, kalimat pasif dibentuk dengan menambahkan di- atau ter- di kata kerja (verb) contohnya: Kulkas sudah diperbaiki oleh pak Amat. Nah, bagaimana membuat kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris? Simak pembahasan berikut ini yaa.

Kalimat pasif terbentuk dari auxiliary verb dan verb 3. Auxiliary verb terdiri dari is, am, are, was, dan were.

Baca juga: Verb to Be dalam bahasa Inggris

Berikut cara membuat active voice menjadi passive voice berdasarkan tenses.

Tense Active Voice Passive Voice
Simple Present Tense (+) S + Verb
(-) S + be + not + Verb
(?) Be + s + Verb?
(+) O + be + Verb 3
(-) O + be + not + Verb 3
(?) Be + O + Verb 3?
Present Continuous Tense (+) S + be + Ving
(-) S + be + not + Ving
(?) Be + S + Ving?
(+) Be + being + V3
(-) Be + not + being + V3
(?) Be + O + being + V3?
Present Perfect Tense (+) S + have/has + Verb 3
(-) S + have/has + not + Verb 3
(?) Have/has + s + Verb 3
(+) have/has + been + verb3
(-) have/has + not + been + verb 3
(?) Have/has + O + been + verb 3?
Simple Past Tense (+) S + v2
(-) S + was/were + not
(?) Was/were + s + v2 ?
(+) O + was/were + Verb 3
(-) O + was/were + not + Verb 3
(?) Was/were + O + Verb 3?
Past Continuous Tense (+) S + was/were + Ving
(-) S + was/were + not + Ving
(?) Was/were + s + Ving?
(+) O + was/were + being + Verb 3
(-) O + was/were + not + being + Verb 3
(?) O + Was/were + being + Verb 3?
Past Perfect Tense (+) S + had + Verb 3
(-) S + had + not + Verb 3
(?) Had + s + Verb 3
(+) O + had + been + Verb 3
(-) O + had + not + been + Verb 3
(?) Had + O + been + Verb 3?
Simple Future Tense (+) S + will + V1
(-) S + will + not + V1
(?) Will + S + V1?
(+) O + will + be + Verb 3
(-) O + will + not + be + Verb 3
(?) Will + O + be + Verb 3?
(+) S + be + going to + V1
(-) S + be + not + going to + V1
(?) Be + s + going to + V1?
(+) O + be + going to + be + Verb 3
(+) O + be + not + going to + be + Verb 3
(-) Be + O + going to + be + Verb 3?
Future Perfect Tense (+) S + will + have + Verb 3
(-) S + will + not + have + verb 3
(?) Will + S + have + Verb 3?
(+) O + will + have + been + Verb 3
(-) O + will + not + have + been + Verb 3
(?) Will + O + have + been + Verb 3?

Contoh kalimat passive voice

  • Sugar cane is grown by farmers. (Tebu ditanam oleh petani.)
  • Sara was surprised by the news. (Sarah terkejut oleh berita itu.)
  • The report will be written by Mary. (Laporan akan ditulis oleh Mary.)
  • The package was mailed by Robby. (Paket itu dikirim oleh Robby.)
  • Has the letter signed by Tom? (Apakah surat itu sudah ditandatangani oleh Tom?)
  • Did the bird killed by a cat? (Apakah burung itu dibunuh oleh seekor kucing?)

Exercise

Setelah membaca pembahasan di atas, sekarang waktunya kamu berlatih agar kamu semakin paham tentang passive voice. Sudah siap menjawab pertanyaan berikut ini?

1. Mr. Bob built that big house.
2. Many people saw that accident.
3. In the fairy tale, a princess kissed a frog.
4. Someone will list my name in the new telephone directory.
5. More than 2.000 people read New York Newspaper every day.

Answer
1. That big house was built by Mr. Bob.
2. That accident was seen by many people.
3. In the fairy tale, a frog was kissed by a princess.
4. My name will be listed in the new telephone directory by someone.
5. New York Newspaper is read by more than 2.000 people every day.

Dapatkan Diskon Kursus Back To School 2,5 Juta di EF, klik link biru ini ▶Diskon 2,5 Juta back To SchoolKursus Bahasa Inggris di EF English First, Belajar Bahasa Inggris makin seru!