EF Tenses Series Simple Past Tense

2019.05.22
EF Tenses Series Simple Past Tense

Hi EFriends, kembali lagi di EF Tenses Series episode 7. Masih ingat pembahasan tentang simple present tense? Di episode kali ini, akan membahas tentang simple past tense. Bagaimana sih penggunaan simple past tense? Simak penjelasan berikut ini ya. 

Baca Juga: Simple Present Tense

Jika simple present tense digunakan untuk menyatakan  fakta, kebiasaan atau kegiatan yang terjadi berulang-ulang, jadwal, perintah, instruksi, perasaan, dan pendapat di masa sekarang (present), simple past tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang telah terjadi/selesai di masa lampau (past). Penanda waktu yang digunakan di simple past tense adalah yesterday, last…..(last week, last month), dan ……ago (two minutes ago, three hours ago).

Formula untuk membuat kalimat Simple Past Tense adalah

(+) S + V2

Contoh kalimat

  • I was in class yesterday.
  • Alice was at the library two hours ago.
  • My friends watched Titanic last night.
  • My family ate lasagna for dinner last night.

Terjemahan

    • Aku ada di kelas kemarin.
    • Alice ada di perpustakaan dua jam lalu.
    • Teman-temanku menonton Titanic semalam.
    • Keluargaku makan lasagna untuk makan malam semalam.

Baca juga: Verb to be dalam bahasa Inggris

 

(-) S + did + not + v1

S + was/were + not

Contoh kalimat

  • I was not in class yesterday.
  • Alice was not at the library two hours ago.
  • My friends did not watch Titanic last night.
  • My family did not eat lasagna for dinner last night.

Terjemahan

  • Aku tidak ada di kelas kemarin.
  • Alice tidak ada di perpustakaan dua jam lalu.
  • Teman-temanku tidak menonton Titanic semalam.
  • Keluargaku tidak makan lasagna untuk makan malam semalam.
(?) Did + s + v?
Was/were + s ?
W/h question + did + s?
W/h question + was/were?

Contoh kalimat

  • Were you in class yesterday?
  • Where were you yesterday?

 

  • Was Alice was at the library two hours ago?
  • Where was Alice?

 

  • Did your friends watch Titanic last night?
  • What did your friends do last night?

 

  • Did your family eat lasagna for dinner last night?
  • What did you family eat for dinner last night?

Terjemahan

  • Apakah kamu ada di kelas kemarin?
  • Ada di mana kamu kemarin?

 

  • Apakah Alice ada di perpustakaan dua jam lalu?
  • Ada di mana Alice?

 

  • Apakah teman-temanmu menonton Titanic semalam?
  • Apa yang teman-teman kamu lakukan semalam?

 

  • Apakah keluargamu makan lasagna untuk makan malam semalam?
  • Apa menu makan malam keluarga kamu semalam?

Nah, mudah kan cara membuat kalimat Simple Past Tense. Meskipun formula untuk membuat kalimat Simple Past Tense sederhana, EFriends harus tetap berhati-hati dengan bentuk lampau dari kata kerja (verb) ya. Karena bentuk lampau dari verb ada yang bisa ditambahkan -ed, ada juga yang berbentuk irregular (tidak bisa ditambah -ed). Berikut tabel contoh irregular verb.

Verb Verb 2 Verb 3
Eat Ate Eaten
Drink Drank Drunk
See Saw Seen
Go Went Gone
Write Wrote Written
Sleep Slept Slept
Get Got Gotten
Come Came Came
Bring Brought Brought
Buy Bought Bought

Exercise

Practice makes perfect. Agar kamu semakin lancar memahami Simple Past Tense, yuk isi latihan soal tenses bahasa Inggris berikut

1. It doesn’t rain right now. The rain (stop)___ a few minutes ago.
2. Tina and I (go, not)_____ shopping yesterday. We (go)_____ shopping last Monday.
3. My roommate (study)_____ Spanish last year.
4. Yesterday she (come)____ home at 5:15.
5. A: ___ Mr. Chan in his office yesterday? B: Yes.
6. Ann and I (go)____ to the bookstore yesterday. I (buy)____ some stationery and a T-shirt.
7. I (walk) _____ to school yesterday morning.
8. Ann (ask)___ Ryan a question a few minutes ago.
9. We (be) _____late for the movie last night.
10.Yesterday I (see)____ Bob at the library.

Answer

  1. stopped
  2. didn’t go. went
  3. studied
  4. came
  5. was
  6. went. bought
  7. walked
  8. asked
  9. were
  10. saw